BWE Research


Here is a list of some of the more recent published brainwave entrainment studies. Due to copyright restrictions, no links are provided to these studies; please contact the publications for information on how to access them.

Howard, C. E., Graham, L. E., 2nd and Wycoff, S. J., 1986. "A comparison of methods for reducing stress among dental students." J Dent Educ. 50, 542-544.

Joyce, M. and Siever, D., 2000. "Audio-Visual Entrainment (AVE) Program as a Treatment for Behavior Disorders in a School Setting." Journal of Neurotherapy. 4, 9-25.

Lane, J. D., Kasian, S. J., Owens, J. E. and Marsh, G. R., 1998. "Binaural auditory beats affect vigilance performance and mood." Physiol Behav. 63, 249-252.

Leonard, K. N., Telch, M. J. and Harrington, P. J., 1999. "Dissociation in the laboratory: a comparison of strategies." Behav Res Ther. 37, 49-61.

Le Scouarnec RP, Poirier RM, Owens JE, Gauthier J, Taylor AG, Foresman PA. "Use of binaural beat
tapes for treatment of anxiety: a pilot study of tape preference and outcomes." Altern Ther Health
Med. 2001;7(1):58-63.

Morse, D. R. and Chow, E., 1993. "The effect of the Relaxodont brain wave synchronizer on endodontic anxiety: evaluation by galvanic skin resistance, pulse rate, physical reactions, and questionnaire responses." Int J Psychosom. 40, 68-76.

Olmstead R. "Use of auditory and visual stimulation to improve cognitive abilities in learning-disabled
children." J Neurother. 2005;9(2):49-61.

Ossebaard, H. C., 2000. "Stress reduction by technology? An experimental study into the effects of brainmachines on burnout and state anxiety." Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 25, 93-101.

Padmanabhan, R., Hildreth, A. J. and Laws, D., 2005. "A prospective, randomised, controlled study examining binaural beat audio and pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing general anaesthesia for day case surgery." Anaesthesia. 60, 874-877.

Rogers LJ, Walter DO. "Methods for finding single generators, with application to auditory driving
of the human EEG by complex stimuli." J Neurosci Methods. 1981;4(3):257-265.

Rosenfeld JP, Reinhart AM, Srivastava S. "The effects of alpha (10-Hz) and beta (22-Hz) 'entrainment'
stimulation on the alpha and beta EEG bands: individual differences are critical to prediction
of effects." Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1997;22(1):3-20.

Wahbeh, H., Calabrese, C. and Zwickey, H., 2007a. "Binaural beat technology in humans: a pilot study to assess psychologic and physiologic effects." J Altern Complement Med. 13, 25-32.

Wahbeh, H., Calabrese, C., Zwickey, H. and Zajdel, D., 2007b. "Binaural beat technology in humans: a pilot study to assess neuropsychologic, physiologic, and electroencephalographic effects." J Altern Complement Med. 13, 199-206.